GS Paper 3 2018


In series of 4 articles, we will be analysing GS Mains,2018 question papers and figure out how helpful NITHI IAS was/is in your preparation.

This article is Third of such four articles.

Bottom line of Mains 2018 General Studies Papers​​ –​​ NITHI IAS’s​​ Coaching classes for​​ Fresher​​ and other students continue to be​​ highly relevant and indispensable. Especially, the DNA & CI Classes.

Our Answer Writing Practice Sessions and tests have made great difference to mains answer writing.


GS PAPER​​ 3​​ – Mains 2018

15​​ out of 20 Questions in GS PAPER –​​ III​​ can be fully answered by NITHI IAS Students.

1 question can be answered partially.

Few General comments:

1.​​ The question paper was tough compared to rest of the GS Papers. S & T questions were most difficult to write about.

2.​​ Not possible to write quality answers for all the 20 questions.

3. Answers to question numbers 1 to 10 should be written in 150 words and answers to question numbers 11 to 20 should be written in 250 words.

4. No change in overall word limit compared to 2017


1. Answerability meaning: Students have sufficient material (NCERT + Handouts +​​ Class notes) and discussion content from class to attempt the question


1. “Access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy is the sine qua non to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)”.​​ Comment on the progress made in India in this regard. (10 Marks,​​ 150 Words)

Comment:​​ The question indirectly is asking about India’s progress in renewable energy sector.

Answerability:​​ 10 Marks

Source: Infrastructure Handout

2. Comment on the important changes introduced in respect of the Long term Capital Gains Tax (LCGT) and Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) in the Union Budget for 2018-2019. (10 Marks, 150 Words)

Answerability: Full 10 Marks

Source: Budget 2018 Handout and DNA & CI Class discussions

3. What do you mean by Minimum Support Price (MSP)? How will MSP rescue the farmers from the low income trap? (10 Marks, 150 Words)

Answerability: Full 10 Marks

Source:​​ MSP Handout

4.​​ Examine the role of supermarkets in supply chain management of fruits, vegetables and food items. How do they eliminate number of intermediaries? (10 Marks, 150 Words)

Answerability: 0 Marks

5.​​ Discuss the work of ‘Bose-Einstein Statistics’ done by Prof. Satyendra Nath Bose and show how it revolutionized the field of Physics. (10 Marks, 150 Words)

Answerability: 0 Marks

6.​​ What are the impediments in disposing the huge quantities of discarded solid wastes which are continuously being generated? How do we remove safely the toxic wastes that have been accumulating in our habitable environment? (10 Marks, 150 Words)

Answerability:​​ 5​​ Marks

Source:​​ Urbanisation handout

7.​​ What is wetland? Explain the Ramsar concept of ‘wise use’ in the context of wetland conservation. Cite two examples of Ramsar sites from India. (10 Marks, 150 Words)

Answerability: Full 10 Marks

Source:​​ Ecology & Environment Class notes

8.​​ Sikkim is the first ‘Organic State’ in India. What are the ecological and economical benefits of Organic State? (10 Marks, 150 Words)

Answerability: Full 10 Marks

Source:​​ Pollution Handout

9.​​ The China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is viewed as a cardinal subset of China’s larger ‘One Belt One Road’ initiative. Give a brief description of CPEC and enumerate the reasons why India has distanced itself from the same. (10 Marks, 150 Words)

Answerability: Full 10 Marks

Source: DNA & CI Class discussions

10.​​ Left Wing Extremism (LWE) is showing a downward trend, but still affects many parts of the country. Briefly explain the Government of India’s approach to counter the challenges posed by LWE. (10 Marks, 150 Words)

Answerability: Full 10 Marks

Source:​​ Naxalism Handout

11.​​ How are the principles followed by NITI Aayog different from those followed by the erstwhile planning commission in India?​​ (15 marks,​​ 250 Words)

Answerability: Full 15 Marks

Source:​​ Social Justice Handout

12.​​ How would the recent phenomena of protectionism and currency manipulations in world trade affect macroeconomic stability of India? (15 marks, 250 Words)

Answerability: Full 15 Marks

Source: DNA & CI Class Discussions (Multiple News Articles)

13.​​ Assess the role of National Horticulture Mission (NHM) in boosting the production, productivity and income of horticulture farms. How far has it succeeded in increasing the income of farmers? (15 marks, 250 Words)

Answerability: Full 15​​ Marks

Source:​​ Social Justice Handout

14.​​ How has the emphasis on certain crops brought about changes in cropping patterns in recent past? Elaborate the emphasis on millets production and consumption. (15 marks, 250 Words)

Answerability: Full 15 Marks

Source:​​ MSP & Subsidies Handout

15.​​ Why is there so much activity in the field of biotechnology in our country? How has this activity benefitted the field of biopharma? (15 marks, 250 Words)

Answerability: 0 Marks

16.​​ With growing energy needs should India keep on expanding its nuclear energy programme? Discuss the facts and fears associated with nuclear energy. (15 marks, 250 Words)

Answerability: Full 15 Marks

Source: Infrastructure Handout

17.​​ How does biodiversity vary in India? How is the Biological Diversity Act,2002 helpful in conservation of flora and fauna? (15 marks, 250 Words)

Answerability: Full 15 Marks

Source:​​ Biodiversity Handout

18.​​ Describe various measures taken in India for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) before and after signing ‘Sendai Framework for DRR (2015-2030)’. How is this framework different from ‘Hyogo Framework for Action, 2005’? (15 marks, 250 Words)

Answerability:​​ 0​​ Marks

19.​​ Data security has assumed significant importance in the digitized world due to rising cyber-crimes. The Justice B. N. Srikrishna Committee Report addresses issues related to data security. What, in your view, are the strengths and weaknesses of the Report relating to protection of personal data in cyber space? (15 marks, 250 Words)

Answerability: Full 15 Marks

Source:​​ DNA & CI Classes

20.​​ India’s proximity to two of the world’s biggest illicit opium-growing states has enhanced her internal security concerns. Explain the linkages between drug trafficking and other illicit activities such as gunrunning, money laundering and human trafficking. What countermeasures should be taken to prevent the same? (15 marks, 250 Words)

Answerability: Full 15 Marks

Source:​​ Border Management Handout

Post Author: NITHI IAS